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Key Concepts in Water Resource Management – book of the month March 2015

The vocabulary and discourse of water resource management have expanded vastly in recent years to include an array of new concepts and terminology, such as water security, water productivity, virtual water and water governance. While the new conceptual lenses may generate insights that improve responses to the world's water challenges, their practical use is often encumbered by ambiguity and confusion.

 
International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management

The International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management publishes papers on scholarly research, projects and other initiatives dealing with policy-making on climate change, and methodological approaches to cope with the problems deriving from climate change. Due consideration is given to environmental, economic, social and political aspects and especially the links and leverages that can be attained by this holistic approach. Authors are invited to submit papers.

 
Managing Water Resources under Climate Uncertainty

Managing Water Resources under Climate Uncertainty: Examples from Asia, Europe, Latin America, and Australia – a new book by Sangam Shrestha, A.K. Anal, P.A. Salam and Michael van der Valk (eds) – has just been published by Springer. The book describes the impacts of climate change on the water cycle in Asia and Europe, and compares options for adaptation while looking at different regions that each have their own particularities. The book contains examples from the Mediterranean, Central Highlands of Vietnam, the Citarum River Basin (Indonesia), Nam Ou River Basin (Lao), Koshi River Basin, Chaliyar River Basin (Kerala, India), Mekong tributaries (including Can Tho, Sesan and Sre Pork Basin), Cambodia, Bhutan, South-Eastern Indian coast, Leh (Northwestern Himalaya, India), Nepal (Disaster Risk Reduction), Adelaide (Australia), Mexico, Chindwin River (Myanmar), Brahmaputra River. With a foreword by Michel Jarraud (Secretary-General of WMO and Chair of UN-Water) and Blanca Jiménez (Director, Division of Water Sciences, UNESCO).

 
Droughts and low flows conference: presentations available

The presentations of the international conference on droughts and low flows, including groundwater, held in October 2014 in Maastricht (NL), are now available. The successful meeting was attended by almost 100 scientists and policy-makers, from 5 continents, with an overall very positive evaluation by the participants!

 
Sustainability of global water use: past reconstruction and future projections

Overuse of surface water and an increasing reliance on nonrenewable groundwater resources have been reported over various regions of the world, casting significant doubt on the sustainable water supply and food production met by irrigation. To assess the limitations of global water resources, numerous indicators have been developed, but they rarely consider nonrenewable water use. In addition, surface water over-abstraction is rarely assessed in the context of human and environmental water needs. Yoshihide Wada and Marc Bierkens performed a transient assessment of global water use over the historical period 1960–2010 as well as the future projections of 2011–2099, using a newly developed indicator: the blue water sustainability index (BlWSI).

 
A virtual water network of the Roman world

Smart agricultural practices and an extensive grain-trade network enabled the Romans to thrive in the water-limited environment of the Mediterranean, a new study shows. The stable food supply brought about by these measures promoted population growth and urbanisation, however, pushing the Empire closer to the limits of its food resources. A model of ancient water movement shows how trade practices might affect today’s urban centers as the climate changes. Ancient water networks made the Roman Empire vulnerable.

 
Flow regime alteration due to anthropogenic and climatic changes in the Kangsabati River, India

Neha Mittal’s paper, «Flow regime alteration due to anthropogenic and climatic changes in the Kangsabati River, India», has just been published in Ecohydrology and Hydrobiology. The USA Corps of Engineers Institute for Water Resources has kindly funded the participation costs for this bright PhD student from India, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, in order to present her research at a UNESCO symposium in Łódź, Poland. The «International Symposium Ecohydrology, Biotechnology and Engineering: Towards Harmony between the Biogoeosphere and Society on the basis of Long-Term Ecosystem Research» was held 17–19 September 2013. 

 
Vanishing Water Landscapes in the Middle East

On 11 June 2014 Francesca de Châtel successfully defended her PhD thesis on water in Syria. The Jordan River has been reduced to 2% of its historic size and is heavily polluted. Across Syria, rivers are shrinking, springs have dried up, and the desert is spreading. The water crisis in the Middle East, the most water-scarce region in the world, is rapidly worsening, yet decision-makers appear unwilling to acknowledge its severity and water remains low on the political agenda. How can this gap between the reality of growing scarcity on the ground and the continued illusion of plenty be explained? 

 
Living with water scarcity – new book

Do you worry that there is not enough water for people, the economy and environment? Do you wonder if the water in our taps and rivers is safe or polluted? Do you want to know if farmers waste water, utilities charge too much, or bottled water destroys ecosystems? You are not alone in asking questions. The headlines say "drought, pollution, conflict and insecurity," but the stories offer few solutions. Living with Water Scarcity clarifies the connections among personal and social water flows in an accessible style.

 
New climate scenarios – implications for water management

On 4–5 June 2014 the Netherlands Hydrological Society (NHV), together with the Dutch Foundation for Applied Water Research (STOWA), organized a symposium on the implications of the new climate scenarios for water management. The symposium «New climate scenarios – implications for water management» was set in the framework of global developments regarding future scenarios on climate variability and change, and their impact on hydrology and water resources. It built on the presentation of new scenarios for the climate of the Netherlands for the periods 2036–2065 ('2050') and 2071–2100 ('2085') by the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI) in April 2014. A summary in English lists the main findings, notions and recommendations from the discussions during the symposium.

 
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